The historian Josephus (37-95 A.D.), who lived in Hebron (home of Biblical giants), wrote that he had on multiple occasions dug up human bones of enormous size. He also wrote about the people of Judah facing the giants of Hebron, saying “There were till then left a race of giants, who had bodies so large, and countenances so entirely different from other men, that they were surprising to the sight, and terrible to the hearing. The bones of these men are still shown to this very day, unlike to any credible relations of other men.” Josephus also wrote of Eleazar, a Jewish giant that stood over ten feet tall being one of the hostages the King of Persia sent to Rome to insure peace. Roman Emperor Aulus Vitellius also mentioned this writing that, “Darius, son of Artabanes, was sent as a hostage to Rome, he took with him, with diverse presents, a man 7 cubits high, a Jew named Eleazar, who was called a giant by reason of his greatness.”
Roman author Pliny the Elder wrote that during the reign of Claudius (41-54 A.D.) a nine-foot nine-inch giant named Gabbaras was brought from Arabia to Rome and placed head of the Adiutrix legions. The area today called “Baqa” near the valley of Hinnom was long known as “Valley of the Raphaim” or “Valley of the Giants.” The Ras Shamra texts, discovered in 1928 in Syria, are historical documents mentioning the economy, history, and religion of Ras Shamra (ancient Ugarit) as well as the giant Rephaim which then inhabited the area. In 135 A.D. soon after the Bar Kochba war, Buber’s Tanhuma describes Roman Emperor Hadrian’s encounter with Rabbi Johnanan ben Zakkai’s in which he was shown the skeletons of fallen biblical “Amorites” measuring 18 cubits, or 30 feet tall! According to Jacques de Voragine, Saint Christopher, the Christian martyr “was of gigantic stature, had a terrifying mien, and was twelve coudees tall,” a coudee being slightly longer than a modern foot.
The Cocopa Indian tribe have an oral history describing giants of the past able to carry logs so heavy that 6 humans failed to budge! Considering that humans can carry on average twice their body weight and the average human is 150 pounds, this means the logs would have weighed over 1,800 pounds. In H.T. Wilkins book “Mysteries of Ancient South America,” he retold old Peruvian tales of a time during their past when a race of giants came from the Pacific Ocean on ships and invaded the lowlands of Peru, forcing the Inca to retreat high into their mountain strongholds in the Andes. The Incas said that some of the giants were so huge that “from the knee down, they were as tall as a tall man!” The Inca legends also closely parallel the biblical account of Sodom and Gomorrah, saying that “these giants brought no women with them, and because they were too big for the Inca women, they became homosexual, and one day while they were publicly polluting the marketplace with these practices, a fire from heaven rained down on them and consumed them!”